Everyone knows that sodium bicarbonate is an anti-acid drug, used to relieve heartburn and acid indigestion. Your doctor may also prescribe some sodium bicarbonate to make your blood or urine weakly acidic in some cases. What do you know about sodium bicarbonate? What other uses are there for sodium bicarbonate?
This passage is going to talk about the followings of sodium bicarbonate:
(1) Definition of sodium bicarbonate
(2) Applications of Sodium bicarbonate
(3) Precautions for the use of sodium bicarbonate
(1) Definition of sodium bicarbonate
Sodium bicarbonate, with the molecular formula NaHCO₃, is an inorganic salt, white crystalline powder, odorless, alkaline in taste, and easily soluble in water. It decomposes slowly in humid air or hot air to produce carbon dioxide, which is completely decomposed when heated to 270°C. When encountering acid, it will decompose strongly to produce carbon dioxide.
Sodium ions are normally required by the human body and are generally regarded as non-toxic. However, excessive intake may cause alkalosis, damage the liver, and induce high blood pressure.
The solid sodium bicarbonate begins to decompose gradually above 50°C to produce sodium carbonate, water and carbon dioxide gas. This property is often used as a leavening agent for making biscuits, cakes, steamed bread, and bread. Sodium bicarbonate will leave sodium carbonate after its action, too much use will make the finished product have an alkaline taste.
Sodium bicarbonate is most commonly used to relieve symptoms caused by high stomach acid.
Sodium bicarbonate tablets are an alkaline drug, commonly known as baking soda. It is a commonly used antacid. Its main function is to suppress acid. After oral administration, it can neutralize or buffer gastric acid and relieve symptoms caused by high gastric acid. . In addition, it can correct acidosis, alkalinize urine, make uric acid, sulfa drugs, hemoglobin, etc. not easy to form crystals or aggregates in the urine. Sodium bicarbonate tablets are mainly used to alkalinize urine and acidemia, and can also be used to treat hyperacidity. The general way to take it is to take 0.25 grams to 2 grams once, three times a day. Some side effects during use are mainly carbon dioxide when neutralizing gastric acid, which can cause belching and secondary gastric acid secretion. It should be noted that if you are allergic to drugs, it is forbidden to use drugs. In addition, because it is an alkaline drug, it will reduce pepsin, as well as the curative effect of vitamin E, which can accelerate the excretion of acidic drugs, for example, it can accelerate the excretion of aspirin from the human body.
Sodium bicarbonate leakage treatment:
Immediately isolate the contaminated area of sodium bicarbonate leakage and restrict access. It is recommended that emergency personnel wear dust masks (full face masks) and general work clothes. Avoid dust, carefully sweep up the sodium bicarbonate, put it in a bag and transfer to a safe place. If there is a large amount of leakage, cover it with plastic sheeting or canvas. Collect and recycle or transport to waste disposal sites for disposal.
Attention to the storage and transportation of sodium bicarbonate:
Sodium bicarbonate is a non-dangerous product, but it should be protected from moisture. Sodium bicarbonate should be stored in a dry and ventilated warehouse. Do not store and transport with acids. Edible baking soda (food grade sodium bicarbonate) must be especially careful not to be stored and transported with toxic substances to prevent contamination.
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